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PSC Introduction
01.About PSC
  • Port State Control
    • Outline
      • Port State Control (PSC) is a system of harmonized inspection procedures designed to target substandard ships with the main objective being their eventual elimination. Port States are entitled to control foreign ships visiting their own ports to ensure that any deficiencies found are rectified before they are allowed to sail.
      • It is well known that the responsibility for ensuring that ships comply with the provisions of the relevant instruments rests upon the owners, masters, recognized organization and the flag State administrations.
      • However, the primary responsibility to safeguard against substandard ships lies on with the flag States.
      • Regrettably, some flag States fail to fulfill their commitments contained in agreed international legal instruments and subsequently some ships are sailing in an unsafe condition, threatening the lives as well as the marine environment. It is when flag states fail to meet their commitments that port State comes into play.
      • For the effective understanding of PSC activities, maritime Authorities have joined the regional Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) as a member. The Paris MOU is the model upon which other regions of the world base their agreements on PSC. Starting with the Paris MOU, PSC became more organized and widespread and now there are various Memorandum of Understanding on Port States control covering almost every part of the world. At present, there are eight regional agreements on PSC with the total of 123 members states.
      • In recent years, the importance of PSC has been widely recognized by the shipping industry and there has been important movement in various regions toward establishing a harmonized method for the effective implementation of the control provisions. The followings are the Memorandum of Understanding on PSC in the world to this date.
        • Paris MOU (Europe and North Atlantic region)
        • Tokyo MOU (Aisa-Pacific region)
        • Acuerdo de Vina del Mar (Latin American region)
        • Caribbean MOU (Caribbean region)
        • Mediterranean MOU (Mediterrranean region)
        • Indian Ocean MOU (Indian Ocean region)
        • Abuja MOU (West and Central African region)
        • Black Sea MOU (Black Sea region)
    • PSC at work
      • It is known that the responsibility for ensuring that ships comply with the provisions of the relevant instruments rests upon the owners, masters and the flag States. Some flag States fail to fulfill their commitments contained in agreed international legal instruments and subsequently some ships are sailing in an unsafe condition, threatening the lives as well as the marine environment.Port State control is a system of harmonized inspection procedures designed to target sub-standards ships with the main objective being their eventual elimination.
    • Co-operation between Flag state and Port State
      • Having recognized that the main responsibility lies with the flag State on the one hand and the inability for a variety of reasons of some of flag States to meet, entirely, their obligations under the conventions resulting in the existence of substandard ships it is imperative to develop close co-operation between flag States and port States.It is a fact that the most important largest Registries have become so due to the attraction of ships whose beneficial ownership belongs to traditional maritime countries which again, for a variety of reasons have chosen a particular port of regulation as oppose to others. It is in the best interest of all to develop an effective flag State/port State interfaces for the sake of safe shipping.
02.PSC Background
  • Background
      • After the casualty of M/T "ERIKA"- 25years old, 35,000dwt tanker broken in two parts and eventually sank off the coast of Brittany on December 12, 1999, the main criticism of PSC broke out due to that the established safety net of inspections by the flag State, port State, industry and classification society failed to keep their safety nets.
      • Following the M/T "ERIKA" incident, there has been gradual trend among port Authorities to implement more rigorous PSC inspections to prevent environmental pollution and to maintain the safety of vessels. And as one of these tough measures, MOUs have recently developed new regimes such as strict target matrix, target system and European Quality of Shipping Information System (EQUASIS) in order to identify and eliminate sub-stands vessels.
      • Although MOU is understood as having an important role to prevent a marine pollution, the MOU is not an international convention and has no official status within the International Maritime Organization (technical). However, the agreement on port State control has certainly had an impact on international rule making in the technical. Also, since the conventions usually require lengthy ratification procedures and similar problems when there is a need for conventions to be amended, a MOU has been established instead of a convention.
    • Aims of PSC
      • All countries have the right to inspect ships of foreign flags visiting their ports to ensure that they meet technical requirements regarding safety and marine pollution prevention standards. Thus Port State Control is intended as a tool for any country to
        • control safety standards,
        • safeguard the own territory against hazards to safety and the environment
        • to keep substandard ships off their coast.
      • Following some disastrous groundings of tankers at European coastlines the European coastal countries started to discuss about a regional organization which led to an agreement called "MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING ON PORT STATE CONTROL" The agreement establishes rules for
        • training of the inspectors,
        • inspections on a common scope,
        • general agreements on clear grounds for detaining a ship,
        • a database system for exchanging information about inspected ships, number of ships to be inspected per country in relation to number of arriving ships.
    • Legal Background
      • The right to inspect ships by port states is laid down in following Conventions:
        • SOLAS Convention 74/78
        • MARPOL Convention 73/78
        • Load line Convention 1966
        • STCW Convention 1995
        • Collision Prevention Regulations 1972
        • International Tonnage Convention 1969
        • ILO Convention Nr. 147 (crew accommodation)
    • Qualification of PSC Officers
      • The technical Resolution A.787(19) about guidelines for Port State Control states about the qualification as follows :
        • the PSCO shall be an experienced officer able to communicate in English language with the key crew
        • the PSCO shall be trained to have sufficient knowledge about the conventions and regulations relevant to the conduct of the Port State Control
        • the PSCO checking operational requirements shall have seagoing experience in leading function onboard
        • the PSCO shall be trained by seminars to update his knowledge
03.PPSC Procedure
  • Boarding Procedures
      • PSC Inspectors are boarding a ship without announcement and primarily check the ship's documents for completeness and validity.
      • If there are ant grounds to believe that the ship is substantially not conforming with the international conventions, the inspector will carry out an expanded inspection of the ship's codition and the required equipment.
      • The Master will receive an official inspection report consisting of Form A and B.
      • Form A lists the ship's details and the validity of the relevant certificates. Form B shows the list of deficiencies found(if any), with an action code which describes a timeframe for rectification for each deficiency.
      • If clear grounds are established that the ship forms a hazard to safety and/or the environment, the PSCO has the right to detain the ship in port until the respective deficiencies have been rectified and resurveyed.
      • The PSC authority will either resurvey by own inspectors or ask for a survey report from the Classification surveyor to verify the rectification. In case of a detention the PSC authority has the right to present a bill about their inspection activites. Any detention has to be reported as soon as possible by the authority to the flag state, the classification society and technical.
      • The data about the inspection and the given timeframe for rectification are entered in a computer system used by all memebers of a regional PSC agreement.
    • Action Codes
      • The given timeframe for rectification of each deficiency is commonly given in a coded form in the ispection report, called "action code".
      • [Tokyo MOU Action Codes]
        • 30 = Grounds for detention.
        • 17 = Masger instructed to rectify deficiency before departure
        • 16 = to be rectified within 14 days
        • 15 = to be rectifeid at next port of all
        • 10 = deficiency rectified
        • 40 = next port informed
        • 50 = Flag state/consul informed
        • 70 = Classification society informed
    • Inspection Campaigns
      • The regional PSC MOU meembers from time to time agree to carry out special inspection campaigns for a period of generally 3 months.
      • Following campaigns have been carried out in the past:
        • Inspection of bulk carrier cargo holds on structural safety
        • Inspection of crew accommondation acc. ILO Convention No. 147
        • Inspection of ISM implementation
      • Further campaigns will be announced in advance in the publication of the PSC MOU offieces or under title Latest News.
· Inquiry
  • Dept. Survey Team
  • TEL +82 70 8799 8203
  • FAX +82 70 8799 8219
  • E-mail psc@krs.co.kr